At every age, there are certain milestones that children are expected to reach. These milestones fall into different categories, including physical, cognitive, emotional, language, and social. As we grow up, we learn to do more things. This is how we become more intelligent and more competent. Here is an overview of some milestones for kindergarteners.
Kindergarten age is generally five years old. At the end of kindergarten, a child may be able to identify and name colors and shapes. They could have possibly learned the alphabet as well. Kids start to understand basic concepts about learning and may learn useful facts. They can recognize simple words. They can count to 20. Kids can also group objects with similar characteristics together. This is called classification.
Cognitive development is essential. It lays the foundation for future school performance. Parents can add additional stimulation and support in different ways. One way is to play kindergarten math games. These games are available online at educational websites. There are also free apps and many ideas on different blogs.
At this age, balance and hand-eye coordination start improving. Kids can stand on their tiptoes and catch a ball. They can stand on one leg. They also start doing sports like swimming, dancing, and even playing basketball. Fine motor skills like holding a pencil or using cutlery also improve. They can also generally cut out basic shapes.
Once kids get the hang of talking, they don’t stop. Kids aged five and six tend to have an ever-growing vocabulary. They can tell stories and jokes. They can compare things. They are especially good at arguing or reasoning and may start to use tenses correctly. Following more complex directions or instructions also become more manageable.
Emotional and Social Milestones
Emotional development at this stage involves needing approval and being seen. Friends start to become significant. Kids start getting jealous about other people spending time with their friends. They like showing off and getting attention. They follow most rules and begin understanding the concept of sharing.
Parents should never forget that these milestones are just a guideline. They were put together based on research over many years, but all kids develop at their own pace. It is dangerous to compare children. If there seems to be severe learning or developmental issues, parents should seek professional opinions.
Give children a chance to develop on their own. Parents can help by doing extra activities to improve fine motor skills. Cognitive skills can also be enhanced through many different types of games and toys. Simple mathematic concepts develop all kinds of mental skills and are encouraged even from preschool age.